Introduction to Design of RCC Structures





RCC structures

RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) is a construction technology which evolved with the evolution of different structural materials in the 18th century during the Industrial Revolution.

Industrial Revolution brought in new technology which helped in the manufacture of various materials. The Architect Le Corbusier used RCC for various constructions. He believed that any shape and form was possible; if RCC is to be used.

For example, Notre Dame Du Haut, Ronchamp, France

This is an example of Le Corbusier Project where he used RCC like plastic.

Notre Dame Du Haut, Ronchamp, France | RCC Structures

Notre Dame Du Haut, Ronchamp, France | RCC Structures

What is RCC?

RCC means Reinforced Cement Concrete, i.e., cement concrete reinforced with steel bars, steel plates, steel mesh etc to increase the tension withstanding capacity of the structure.

Cement Concrete can take up immense compression but weak in tension whereas steel is good in withstanding both tension and compression.

Here are some of the advantages of RCC construction:

  1. Materials used in RCC construction are easily available.
  2. It is durable and long lasting.
  3. It is fire resisting and not attacked by termites.
  4. It is economical in ultimate cost.
  5. The reinforced concrete member can be cast to any shape because of the fluidity of concrete.
  6. Its monolithic character gives much rigidity to the structure.
  7. Cost of maintenance is nil.

Here are some of its disadvantages:

  1. Scrap value of reinforced members is almost nil.
  2. Constant checking is required.
  3. Skilled labour is engaged in the work.
  4. The advantages of RCC outweigh its disadvantages.

This is one construction technique that made construction very easy and brought a boom to the field of construction.

Components of RCC structures

We have already discussed and studied the design procedures for the “Components of RCC structures”.

Design of RCC beams

Design of RCC columns

Design of RCC staircase

Design of Foundations

Design of Simply Supported Slabs

Every component is designed according to the load it carries and its position in the structure. The study of the design of RCC components will help in understanding the basics of RCC design and the method of its implementation.

We will study more about different construction techniques in our successive articles…



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  1. #1 by Bill on November 17, 2010 - 10:51 am

    Reinforced cement concrete is something I rarely encounter as an electrician, but running electricity in them is pretty tough and requires a lot of planning during renovations.

  2. #2 by Tanweer Alam on May 3, 2012 - 8:22 am

    I am Happy to know this site and got knowledge of Civil engineering and required Design Analyses for all framed structure building.

  3. #3 by dharmchand saini on October 2, 2012 - 9:57 pm

    i am a civil engineer and i like rcc projects.

  4. #4 by RAMADHANI COSMAS on March 20, 2013 - 11:10 am

    AM SO HAPPY FOR THE INFORMATION THAT ARE BEING PROVIDED.

  5. #5 by Daniel on June 26, 2013 - 9:26 pm

    Dear Sir,

    I am very interested to know the building infromations and related studies. I completed DCE and would like to update my knowledge on civil work. would like to associate and do projects. Want to be very creative. I like the thumb rules that was a great update likewise some I would like to update to understand that i am doing right in my project and create a great true feel and worth feel for our clients that they are working with right person. I want to give quality building for my clients even thou my cost just meets the building construction. I want to invest my name first and then our God will show the path of success.

    Looking forward for a supportive feed face to improve in our life.

    • #6 by BenzuJK on July 26, 2013 - 4:47 pm

      Hello Daniel,
      I like your inspiration.

      Work hard. And all the best for your future!

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  6. #7 by D.MAGESH KUMAR on November 4, 2013 - 9:34 pm

    Respected Sir/Madam,

    Basically i’m a interior designer, i have the experience of more than 10yrs, i’m very much interested in civil field, now i’m studying in SRM college in part time B.Tech, my request is please post or mail me step by step design procedure for structural design for a residential building, it will be very helpful for me

    thanks & Regards
    D. Magesh Kumar

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