Field work in Chain survey | Surveying in Civil Engineering

Field work in Chain surveying | Surveying and Levelling

Earlier, we discussed “Principles of Chain Surveying” and the considerations that are taken for carrying out Chain Surveying… In this article, we will discuss various instruments that are essential for carrying out Chain Surveying.

Here are the steps to be followed for carrying out Chain Surveying:

  1. Reconnaissance Survey
  2. Marking stations
  3. Running survey lines
  4. Taking offsets

Instruments used in Chain Survey

  1. Chain, 20m or 30m long
  2. Tape
  3. Arrows
  4. Ranging rods
  5. Wooden or Iron Pegs
  6. Plumb bob
  7. Cross staff

Chain used for Surveying

20m chain – 100 links

30m chain – 150 links

1 links – 20cm

Links of chain are made by mild steel wire – 4mm diameter.

Chain used for Chain Surveying
Chain used for Chain Surveying

Each link at the end is bent into a loop and is connected to adjoiningly by means of three oval rings which offers flexibility to the chain. Ends of chains carry brass handle.

Read moreField work in Chain survey | Surveying in Civil Engineering

Classification of Surveys according to their field of Work | Engineering Surveying

Classification of Surveys according to the field of work | Surveying and Levelling

In one of my previous articles regarding “Classification of Surveys“, discussion of various types of surveys have been listed out. We are now proceeding with the detail study of different types of surveys under the category of field of work.

The classification for the field of work is as follows:

Land Survey

This involved survey of objects in earth’s surface.

German Soldier carrying out Land Survey to determine the natural features and determine areas of strategic importance
German Soldier carrying out Land Survey to determine the natural features and determine areas of strategic importance

Read moreClassification of Surveys according to their field of Work | Engineering Surveying

Classification of Surveys and Surveying Methods in Engineering

Classification of Survey

Study of classification of surveys is a major part of the study of Surveying as a whole. The surveys are conducted using various different instruments. The use of instruments depend upon its availability and suitability to the site.

Surveys are classified as following:

  1. According to the instruments used for the survey
  2. According to the purpose of the survey
  3. According to the method employed for the survey
  4. According to the field of work

In this article, we will list out the classification in each and category and study them in detail…

According to the instruments used

Chain Survey

Chain Survey is conducted using different lengths of chains specifically made for the surveying purpose.

Compass Survey

As the name itself suggests, the compass is used for the purpose of the survey.

Plane table Survey

Plane table is used for the purpose.

Levelling

Theodolite Survey

Theodolite is an instrument that is useful for conducting accurate surveys.

Read moreClassification of Surveys and Surveying Methods in Engineering