Column Layout for a Residence | Civil Engineering

Column Layout for a residence using the Thumb rules | Building Construction

In my earlier article, we discussed three important thumb rules that are to be followed while making a column layout for any building. They are as follows:

  1. Size of the Columns
  2. Distance between the columns
  3. Alignment of Columns

In this article, we will see an example of a residence of which column layout is done keeping the above three thumb rules in mind.

Column Layout for a residence

The residential villa comprises of 1 and half floors. Initially, the column size 9″x12″ had been used with the use of M15 grade of concrete. The builder wanted to save on his budget by making the columns smaller in size. That is why, the columns in the Floor plans below are 9″x9″ in size but the Engineer made sure that M20 grade of concrete would be used for Columns.

Column Layout for a Ground Floor
Column Layout for a Ground Floor

Read moreColumn Layout for a Residence | Civil Engineering

Introduction to Design of RCC Structures

RCC structures

RCC (Reinforced Cement Concrete) is a construction technology which evolved with the evolution of different structural materials in the 18th century during the Industrial Revolution.

Industrial Revolution brought in new technology which helped in the manufacture of various materials. The Architect Le Corbusier used RCC for various constructions. He believed that any shape and form was possible; if RCC is to be used.

For example, Notre Dame Du Haut, Ronchamp, France

This is an example of Le Corbusier Project where he used RCC like plastic.

Notre Dame Du Haut, Ronchamp, France | RCC Structures
Notre Dame Du Haut, Ronchamp, France | RCC Structures

What is RCC?

RCC means Reinforced Cement Concrete, i.e., cement concrete reinforced with steel bars, steel plates, steel mesh etc to increase the tension withstanding capacity of the structure.

Cement Concrete can take up immense compression but weak in tension whereas steel is good in withstanding both tension and compression.

Read moreIntroduction to Design of RCC Structures

Staircase Design| RCC Structures

RCC Staircase Design

RCC Structures are nothing but reinforced concrete structures. RCC structure is composed of building components such as Footings, Columns, Beams, Slabs, Staircase etc.

These components are reinforced with steel that give stability to the structure. Staircase is one such important component in a RCC structure.

Dog Legged Stair | Staircase design
Dog Legged Stair | Staircase design

In this article, we will discuss different types of staircases and study the dog-legged reinforced cement concrete staircase design.

Read moreStaircase Design| RCC Structures