## Numerical Examples | Moment of Resistance Calculations

#### Moment of Resistance calculations | Doubly reinforced sections

In our article series for “Doubly reinforced sections”, we have covered the following:

What are doubly reinforced sections?

Methods for determining Neutral Axis?

Solved numerical examples for determining Neutral Axis

Numerical examples for practice (Find Neutral axis)

Methods for calculating Moment of Resistance

Numerical example for calculating Moment of resistance

Types of problems in Doubly reinforced sections

Determining stresses in steel and concrete

Numerical example | Stresses in steel and concrete

Now we shall move on with a solved example. This will help you understand the methods in a better way. I suggest that you do them yourselves too. Practice will help you make your concepts more concrete and clear.

#### Numerical Example:

An reinforced concrete 300mm x 600mm effective dimensions is provided with tensile and compressive reinforcement of 1256mm2 each. The compressive steel is placed 30mm from the top edge of the beam. If σcbc = 7N/mm2, σst = 190N/mm2 and m = 13.33, find the moment of resistance of beam by following two methods:

1)     Elastic theory method

2)     Steel beam theory method

## Guide to design of Doubly reinforced Sections | Civil Engineering

#### What are Doubly reinforced sections?

Sections that have tensile as well as compressive reinforcement are called doubly reinforced sections.

#### Necessity of design of doubly reinforced sections

When the dimensions of the beam are restricted for architectural or structural considerations, the section has insufficient area of concrete which results in inability of the beam to take sufficient compressive stresses. If not paid attention to, it could result in structural failure.

To solve this problem, steel is placed in the compressive area of the section to help the concrete section in resisting compressive stresses. (Steel is good at taking up both compression and tension.)

In this way, the moment of resistance of the section is increased without altering its dimensions.

#### Three important conditions where doubly reinforced sections are to be used:

1)       When the dimensions of the beam are restricted for architectural or structural purposes.

2)       Sections that are subjected to the reversal of bending moment (piles, braces in water towers etc.

3)       The portion of the beam over middle support in continuous T beams has to be designed as doubly reinforced section.

We are now going to begin with a series of articles on “Design of Doubly reinforced sections”. In our previous series of articles for “Singly reinforced sections“, we have covered every step in detail for the design and analysis of Singly reinforced sections.

#### We would be covering the following for “Doubly reinforced Sections”:

What are doubly reinforced sections?

Methods for determining Neutral Axis?

Solved numerical examples for determining Neutral Axis

Numerical examples for practice (Find Neutral axis)

Methods for calculating Moment of Resistance

Numerical example for calculating Moment of resistance

Types of problems in Doubly reinforced sections

Determining stresses in steel and concrete

Numerical example | Stresses in steel and concrete

So let us begin with understanding the methods for determining the neutral axis for doubly reinforced sections.

#### METHOD ONE:

Given that:

Dimensions of the beam:

b = width of the beam, d = depth of the beam

Permissible stresses in concrete = σcbc

Permissible stress in steel = σst

Modular ratio = m

From similar triangles in the equivalent concrete stress diagram,