Case study of Abids | Urban Renewal
Understanding the concept of Urban Design and the reason for selecting the topic
Selection of a Zone in the area for detailed study and analysis (10,00000 sqm approx.)
Division of the major study zone into smaller zones for detailed study
After division of zones, study was conducted in a systematic way as follows:
Study to be done for every zone:
Identification and Classification of Buildings
- Residential buildings
- Commercial buildings
- Heritage structures if any
- Religious structures
- Identification of land use pattern depending on the type of building
- Influence of various land use activities on the commercial activities
- Identification of the types of commercial activities in every zone
- Identification of the type of road
Introduction to Abids – Past and the Present Conditions | Urban Regeneration
Abids is a major commercial hub of the city of Hyderabad, India. It is the oldest and famous business area which developed after the development of Old City and Secunderabad. Major number of government buildings are located in this area. For example, the state government building APSFC, and President Plaza etc.
This place has a mixture of Anglican Architecture, Persian Architecture and the modern Architectural style. This place has heritage structures which have been preserved from the past 200 years. The city of Hyderabad was not much developed. The two hotspots of the city were Secunderbad and Old City. Secunderabad is the twin city of Hyderabad. Old City and Secunderabad were the only areas where businesses were set up and gradually got overcrowded.
Evolution of the name of the Area – ABIDS | Urban Regeneration
After 1908 floods in Hyderabad, King Koti Developed. The Nizamshahis went shopping in the horse carriages to Abids. The area had a shop belonging to Albert Abid, a Jewish valet of Nizam VI of Hyderabad state, hence the area came to be known as Abid shop and the main road abutting the shop was known as Abid road. Later on, this area became popular as Abids. But this was just a small stretch which developed.
During British rule in India in the year 1844 AD, St. George’s Church was constructed. Along with it came Grammar School for boys. This gave a boost to the construction of new schools in Abids. This area has many schools and educational institutions.
The development of schools and educational institutions gave rise to the development of commercial activity related to the necessities of the School going children.
Commercial Neighbourhood Design | Abids, Hyderabad
The commercial hub in Hyderabad selected for Redesign and Restructuring is “Abids” which was popularly known as the “Commercial District of Hyderabad”.
The study has been carried out in the following way:
Various issues regarding the Urban structure has been addressed. It includes commercial spots, residential communities, Amenities, Utilities, religious structures etc. The influence of each on the commercial activities has been addressed in the case study.
Research Methods | Urban Design
The research Methods include:
- Detailed Case study of the Abids Zone
- Collection of data regarding History of Abids from the Conservation books
- Findings of the case study
The issues addressed in the case study have been classified into two categories:
- Need for Redesign
- Need for Restructuring
The design process for the design of commercial neighbourhood has been discussed in one of our previous articles. This will help you give you an insight of the design process in Urban Design.
The issues include various Urban Design factors to be reconsidered for restructuring and redesign that will help revive the ambience of the Commercial hub which existed 50 years ago.
The project “Design of Commercial Neighbourhood” needs critical study of area selected for redesign. Abids has been chosen as the commercial hub for the Urban Design Project.
Services in a Laundry – Fabrik Care Laundry, Rasoolpura, Begumpet
The Laundry caters to various hotels, hospitals etc. It is located at Rasoolpura, Begumpet, Hyderabad. The article discusses different services in a laundry namely water supply, drainage, electricity, fire safety and return air ducts.
The total area of the Laundry is 10,000sqft.
Total number of machines in the Laundry = 20
Total number of workers working in the Laundry = 80
Types of Machines in the Laundry
Dry Cleaning Machines = 2 (Clothes upto 40kg can be washed in one go. The cycle of the machine is of around 30 to 40 minutes).
Wet Washing Machines = 2 (60 pieces can be washed at a time. The maximum capacity machine available in the laundry can take upto 80 pieces at a time).
Steam pressing Machines = 3 (Steam pressing is used for delicate cloth like siffon, silk etc)
Hothead pressing Machines = 5 (used for materials such as Cotton, starched clothes etc)
Dryers = 4
Collar Cuff Pressing Machine = 1
Trouser topper = 1
Puff Machine = 1 (wool, silk etc)
Saree Pressing machine = 1
Row houses of the past and of the future
Row houses emerged in Europe in the 16th century. They are used when medium density housing is to be provided. They are also known as terraced houses or linked houses. They are generally identical or rather it would be preferable to say that they are mirror images with shared side walls.
Countries where row houses are popular
Row houses are found all across the world. They are very popular in Europe and Latin America. Some good examples of row housing can be found in North America and Oceania. In Europe, United Kingdom and France are popular for row houses or terraced houses. In North America, they are widespread. Cities such as Montreal, Toronto and Halifax in Canada have extensive examples of terraced housing. Cities with terraced housing in United States include Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, New Orleans, New York City, Philadelphia, San Francisco and other cities. Malaysia and Singapore are also known for a different variety of row houses.
Examples of Row housing projects across the world
Row houses in England
Grosvenor Square in London was one of the earliest terraces in England. The Great Fire of London in 1666 destroyed a lot of property. This gave a rise for an urgent housing need which was met by building terraced houses. Victorian or Georgian architectural style was generally used in the design of terraced houses. Park Crescent, Regent’s Park in London is another good example of row housing.
Row houses in India
Row houses were first built in the city of Chandigarh by Le Corbusier. They were built with an intention to provide low-cost housing. Le Corbusier wanted the residents to feel the happiness of having an independent home with their little garden in the front.
One of the newest project I found interesting was the one at Karad, a town in Maharashtra. The project aims to build 68 row houses. The project has been designed by a construction company called Kachchhi Constructions which is based in Hyderabad. What fascinates me is the elegant design of row houses. The architect Javed Kachchhi has used contemporary architectural style keeping the clients needs in mind. The township offers a number of amenities and facilities such as clubhouse, swimming pool and a beautifully landscaped garden. Overall it is an amazing design scheme.
Row houses in Northern Ireland
Initially, row houses in Northern Ireland were built to house working class people. One of the examples of row housing in Northern Ireland is the one in Peckham Street, Belfast, Northern Ireland. This was built in 1981. They bricked up windows and doors to deter vandals. These houses have now been restored.
Row houses in Montreal, Canada
A large number of row houses can be found in Montreal Canada. Row houses remained a dominant type of housing during the post-war period. The row houses were subdivided into duplexes and triplexes.