About the Author

Cpo logoHey, I’m BenzuJK. Welcome to CivilProjectsOnline.com. I am an Architect, blogger and a writer.

Architecture is interesting and fun. My college has given me some good experiences, some not so good. Life is a journey… it does not stop. There are always some goal posts to be achieved. Once we achieve the goals, we have to make new goals, to renew life itself.

The theme of posts ranges from Civil Engineering, Case Studies, Building Maintenance, Lighting arrangements, to mega-projects that bring glory to the field of Engineering, to discussing the latest innovations in construction techniques and building materials.

  1. #1 by sakharam on April 4, 2012 - 9:59 pm


    I have doing minor changes in the apartment the I live and in this I plan to change the position of the bathroom, Is it ok if the waste water outlet is done without the sunken slab. My contractor has okayed it, saying that the necessary waterproofing is sufficient.

    Can u please throw some light on this.

  2. #2 by bushie on April 2, 2012 - 12:57 am

    hello mam!

    gr8 work n very informative site.. well i want 2 know about precast concrete north light roof truss & its difference frm north light steel truss…

  3. #3 by Ahmed on March 23, 2012 - 12:05 pm

    Nice work without any cost.
    Thanks a lot.

  4. #4 by P.KIRUTHIKA on March 8, 2012 - 10:40 pm

    hai benzujk,
    i am doing my pre-final year in a reputed institution in trichy. i dont have any idea about my project. will u suggest and guide me to do an excellent project in my final year.

    with regards,

  5. #5 by pradeep on March 6, 2012 - 5:42 am

    it is very nice job.thank u for ur help.

  6. #6 by KAMESWARA Rao Y on March 4, 2012 - 11:09 pm

    Hello Ms Benzujk, Thanks for ur blog.

    Do need an expert opinion.
    Am basically a Mechanical guy, but ‘ve got to lookafter civil jobs also. Was stuck up in designing a structure (Main Entrance for our Steel Plant).

    The details in brief are
    RCC Slab 17200 x 17000 (17000 is span)
    Out of this, 10000 length is supported with two additional columns in between but the remaining 7000 length can be given column supports at either ends only.

    The entrance would look like a trapezium, the smaller side measuring 13000 and longer side 17200.
    The support plan for the area under trapezium:
    (i) Columns 600 x 600 at the ends
    (ii) Tie Beam 300 x 600
    (iii) Digonal Supports on either ends (Beam to Column) 1500×1500
    (iv) We have another two roof beams extending to the front tie beam of size 300 x 600. Here also we plan for diagonal supports of 1500 x 1500.
    (v) Additionally, we have side walls, extending to full height, also to support the slab.

    Thanks & Reg

    Height of the structure : 7000.

  7. #7 by rahul on February 27, 2012 - 9:55 pm

    Should the reinforcement of secondary beams be placed inside or over the primary beam reinforcement? Please mention relevant IS code if any .

  8. #8 by dipak on February 19, 2012 - 2:42 am

    What should be the ideal sequence of removing props from under a simply supported beam. Pl. allow mathematical justification.

  9. #9 by Syed Ahsan Ali Shah on February 3, 2012 - 11:53 pm

    hello benzujk,
    the work that u r doing for humainty is very apperciatable and its helpful for very one it may be beg or else ” principle of knowledge for every body is very good”
    keep it up!!!

  10. #10 by SYLVIA on February 3, 2012 - 3:02 am

    Hello, I’m a civil engineering student. Your blog is awesome and educative. Keep up the good work.

  11. #11 by V.Raghuram on February 1, 2012 - 8:22 am

    I am architect from Kanchipuram.Your Site is very informative and useful for students.

  12. #12 by Amara Krishna Kishore on January 27, 2012 - 12:20 am

    Please add Marine structures aspects also ( Like Coastal structures,Breakwaters,Berthing and Mooring Dolpins )

  13. #13 by Munawfer on January 23, 2012 - 2:31 am

    After long search I got your amazing data bank which going to help me lot in my resident house building projects. Thanks for your nice afford.

    *If you dont mind please help me get the sequence of your post

  14. #14 by SOE THU SAN on January 5, 2012 - 6:07 pm

    Dear Benzu.
    i am highly greatful to you as your articles help me to refresh my knowledge . i am started to construct a two storey residential building for myself.I passed out in civil Engg. course in 2009 and all the basic civil Engg. knowledge was evaporated from my brain. After reading your lessons, I am feeling good.Now i am m.tech studying in Myanmar TU . your website is very useful to me.So Please help me.

    Regards, SOE THU SAN

    • #15 by BenzuJK on January 8, 2012 - 11:37 pm

      We are really glad that our site has been of so much help to you. Thank you so much for your kind words of appreciation.
      We shall keep up our work and try and help everyone out there.

      Thanks and cheers πŸ™‚

      • #16 by madi on February 20, 2012 - 7:13 pm

        hello Benzu Kachchhi
        i am doing phd about modern architecture and colonial architecture can u send u r email

  15. #17 by Dilipsingh on December 30, 2011 - 11:51 pm

    Congrets,You Have made Nice Works,Collection also good,All Fundamentals clear in construction.
    Thanks.Wish U Good Luck.

  16. #18 by sudha on November 25, 2011 - 9:17 pm

    I did my civil engg in 2000, but hardly did any site job due to a different work profile. Ur site is useful for people like me who like to refresh their basics or clear their doubts. U r doing a wonderful service to all civil engrs even though u r an architect urself. Keep up the good job. May ur tribe increase!

    • #19 by BenzuJK on November 28, 2011 - 7:58 pm

      Hello Sudha,
      Thank you for your kind words of appreciation. Much appreciated!


  17. #20 by DTV on November 5, 2011 - 2:14 am

    Hi Benzu,

    I find your site very useful and interesting, especially to Civil Engineers. You’re doing great, it’s really nice making your site’s name focused into civil engineering projects, despite of being into Architecture.

    I salute you in your good understanding and ongoing endeavor. Unlike in my country, mostly but not all anyway, somewhat relating to economics, most of the 2 professions Arch/CE seems trying to isolate themselves – due to some legal issues about each one’s profession, Architects have it on this link http://www.architectureboard.ph/uploads/1286606272-k10oct8_ApecICApresentn.ppt , while civil engineers including me, also have legal issues as on this link http://www.docstoc.com/docs/16435814/The-Practice-of-Civil-Engineering-and-RA-9266-_Architecture-Act, our government has lot to do in resolving this. Both parties has its own rights and privileges anyway.

    I do hope both professions do the same like as you do in here, as one in both fields of endeavor.

    More power…

  18. #21 by Dilip W Jadhao on October 28, 2011 - 5:01 am

    Hello mam, I am third year civil engineering student. I visit this site before somedays and I found very useful information on this site, this information really help me loat at presernt and in future.I really grateful of you for such nice information sharing on net.And I must say from my heart this site is best in the world for civil engineer.Wish you all the best and God bless you.Keep it up

  19. #22 by Jeevanantham on October 8, 2011 - 4:36 am

    I visited your website and found it is very useful for all the civil engineers. I appreciate yourself to continue your good services to the civil engineering society.
    Your articles are making me to sharpen my knowledge.
    Thank you very much.

  20. #23 by GAURAV GHAI on October 5, 2011 - 7:59 am

    Nice work , keep it up.
    I am a civil enginnering student in 3rd year. I want to share some of my experiences on ur website and want to promote it also so that my friends can take advantage of that.
    I want to join ur community.

  21. #24 by Rohit DUBAL on September 24, 2011 - 11:22 pm

    hiiiii,i m civil Enng & best luck for all Engg.for good work go ahed.

  22. #25 by nishant on September 8, 2011 - 6:30 am

    plz tel me hw to make project on green building.

  23. #26 by lawrence on August 19, 2011 - 10:27 am

    i want to know your full name

    • #27 by BenzuJK on August 20, 2011 - 12:00 am

      Hello Lawrence,
      I don’t share personal information with my readers. If you have any questions regarding building construction; you are most welcome.

      Cheers πŸ™‚

  24. #28 by Tanushree on August 9, 2011 - 5:55 am

    Dear Benzu,
    I came across your blog while conducting some work-related research. I would be really grateful if you could help me in my research inputs – I am working on a conference that deals with developments in Indian architecture / construction. If you could give me your email id,I’d like a few inputs regarding the kind of case studies/companies we could rope in.Can you please let me know if you can help? Thanks so much…take care!

  25. #29 by Sivaramakrishna on July 26, 2011 - 12:16 am

    Nice website really good .

  26. #30 by Enrique B Lara on July 4, 2011 - 7:47 am

    Very interesting web page.Would like to share more.

    E.B. Lara, MSc

    Structural Engineer
    Construction Manager

    The Georgia Institue of Technology
    The Class of 1981

    • #31 by BenzuJK on July 6, 2011 - 11:23 pm

      Thank you so much for compliment Enrique…! Highly appreciated.


  27. #32 by Abdulazeez S. on June 29, 2011 - 12:19 pm

    Hey! Just came accross ur site and its very educating keep it up.im a student of Architecture here in nigeria, can you add me to your blog?

  28. #33 by Balraj on June 17, 2011 - 7:37 am

    Hi, I have recently laid foundation for house 45′ x 30′. It has 12 columns each made out of 12″ steel rods (4 nos.). I want to construct the house in stages. When I asked my contractor to build the coloumns to full height and the linter (roof) he advised that the construction should be with brick walls and coloumns. He says that making coloums and linter on top will not bear the weight. Can you guide me how to go about it, whether the 12 coloumns will be able to bear weight of linter. The coloumns were dug out at three feet deep.

  29. #34 by gaurav on June 15, 2011 - 11:21 pm

    hi benzulk, im a civil engg & ur work is certainly very good as it helps me alot in my works & is giving me a lot of help in my job..

  30. #35 by O K Sharma on June 5, 2011 - 5:10 am


  31. #36 by Syed Nurul Rahman on May 1, 2011 - 10:35 am

    Dear Benzu.
    i am highly greatful to you as your articles help me to refresh my knowledge . i am started to construct a tree storey residential building for myself.I passed out in chemical Engg. diploma course in 1987 and all the basic civil Engg. knowledge was evaporated from my brain. After reading your lessons, I am feeling good.Thank you once again.

  32. #37 by paulamkesh on April 13, 2011 - 7:18 am

    Now i am m.tech studying in chennai . your website is very useful to me.


    • #38 by BenzuJK on April 14, 2011 - 12:42 am

      Hello Paul,
      I am glad my articles were helpful.
      Cheers πŸ™‚


  33. #39 by Joe on March 21, 2011 - 6:13 am

    hi, your blog is trully awesome. I’m a student doing construction management. may I say, your blog will be very helpful to me, since it is directly connected to what i’m studying. Keep it up…

  34. #40 by Jagat Verma on February 20, 2011 - 11:32 am

    thnx alot u r really genius…………. ma frn

  35. #41 by Jagat Verma on February 19, 2011 - 11:41 pm

    i mean if i do bachelor in architectural or construction engineering then at my master degree can i take structural engineering or can’t.

    • #42 by BenzuJK on February 20, 2011 - 10:29 am

      There is an Architecture degree called “B.arch” which has got nothing to do with structural engineering…but you can take up Construction Management. U cannot take up Structural Engineering as your PG degree unless you go for B.E Civil…. I hope you got it this time.

  36. #43 by champika on February 18, 2011 - 1:33 am

    Great effort, I also like to joint, as a civil Engineer (pass out in 2011) in Sri Lanka. Is it possible?

  37. #44 by Jagat Verma on February 17, 2011 - 10:40 am

    beside civil engineering course , is there is any other engineering fields that lead to structural engineering……………

    • #45 by BenzuJK on February 18, 2011 - 8:16 pm

      Hello Jagat,
      Civil Engineering is the only ultimate course which will help you get into Structural Engineering as your Postgraduate course…

      • #46 by Amara Krishna Kishore on January 27, 2012 - 12:22 am

        Hi This is very Interesting to see all the points posted regarding the Civil Engg Aspects please include concepts of Marine structures also

  38. #47 by Jagat Verma on February 15, 2011 - 11:11 pm

    what are the undergraduate engineering fields which can lead to structural engineering ?
    I’m really confused, will u help me mis Benzu…………….

    • #48 by BenzuJK on February 17, 2011 - 8:25 am

      If you are so interested into going for Structural Engineering then go for Civil Engineering…
      Civil Engineering is the ultimate field which will help you pursue Structural Engineering in future…

  39. #49 by Milotin Dragos on February 5, 2011 - 7:06 am


    My name is Milotin Drago? (David), I am a Romanian architecture student from ‘Ion Mincu’ University of Architecture and Urban Planning , and with a couple of my colleagues have created
    p (i) l o t architecture platform http://p-i-l-o-t.blogspot.com/ . Our site is an online platform that students from the mentioned University can use to interact and share ideeas.

    I am writing this e-mail to you to express our desire to colaborate with you on an online partnership between our sites. This will imply to post a logo and link of of your site on our site and vice versa. By visiting our page you will find at the top a link named “Partner websites”.This is where we will post our your logo and the link to your site. For this, I am going to need an official e-mail stating that you agree to this partnership and an .jpg image logo of your choice.

    Regarding our site I am proud to inform you that although we have launched in May 2010 we are curently visited by an avrage of 1500 people every month from the following countries Romania, Spain, Germany, France, Usa, Canada, India, Russia, Ukraine ( data from Google Analytics )

    Have a nice day. Hope to hear from you soon

  40. #50 by Vidyashankar on February 3, 2011 - 5:36 pm

    Hi benzu

    Really good work, easy to understand simple words and figures. I am design engineer and got some useful topics which helped me a lot.

    One suggestion why dont you invite people who write software for design of civil engineering elements. They can share small programs which makes a lot of help in civil engineering community

    keep it Up and Good Luck

    Vidyashankar MK BE. MIE

  41. #51 by suraj on January 30, 2011 - 11:38 pm

    nice work. go ahead

  42. #52 by Er.Rajan C Mathew FIE on January 7, 2011 - 8:31 pm

    Hello Benzu,

    Today I got into your site while googling for some information regarding repair of heavy equipment foundations encountering dynamic loading on a regular basis. I am not a civil engr, but a ChE with decades of interdisciplinary exp in the largest steel plant in India.
    I am writing this in appreciation of your efforts, that too at this tender age, for your passion for documenting and sharing valuable technical information- a rare quality in most technical people !
    Best Wishes for the Good Work ! Keep going.
    Er Rajan C Mathew FIE
    Bhilai, India

    • #53 by BenzuJK on January 7, 2011 - 10:58 pm

      Hello Sir,
      Thank you so much for your words of appreciation! I feel honored.


  43. #54 by Dayanand Sonar on December 26, 2010 - 9:51 pm

    Hello Ar. Benzu,
    Er. Daya here from India. I juss came across this page n its pretty nice to read simple yet very useful articles here.
    You are doing very nice job & i Belive for fellows “YOU” should be an inspiration.
    I understand YOUR PASSION n trust on YOU.
    keep going always.
    God Bless you.
    Cheers n bravo!!

    • #55 by BenzuJK on January 1, 2011 - 5:26 am

      Hello Sir,
      Thank you so much for your words of appreciation…!
      I will keep up my work with good will and honesty…:)


  44. #56 by manu aggarwal on November 29, 2010 - 2:44 am

    hey… very interesting…… can u help me design a studio colour lab having an area of approx 200 sq feet…{10 feet front length 20 feet ) ….i want to sell digitital cameras, mobile phone in this area and want to have one billing counter in this space..( for photo printing machine i have seperate 100 sq feet )

  45. #57 by Shahzad Saeed on October 26, 2010 - 2:20 am

    Hi, I am Shahzad, an engg. student and blogger of technologyedition.blogspot.com

    I found the information about engg. project in your site is quite interesting. I would like to recommend my readers to visit your site. Will you please tell me which project you think most useful for students like me. So that I can specify the URL of that article in my next post.

    With regards
    Shahzad Saeed

  46. #58 by Trish on September 24, 2010 - 10:39 am

    What is a “case study”? I’m not in architecture. Is that a phrase used in architecture. Otherwise, what would a case study of a studio apt be? Thx.

  47. #59 by Oscar on September 22, 2010 - 12:27 am

    You are not only a student, but a scholar as well. I can only imagine the how much success and achievement you will gain in the future.

    I sincerely thank you for all your help, your information has not only find solutions to my project but has inspired to think about engineering in a complete different and invigorating way.

    Please keep up the great work, and try to imagine how may other people you have helped and inspired, only a tiny few have responded in comment, there are so many others.

    My deepest gratitude.

    Oscar G
    New York City

    • #60 by BenzuJK on September 22, 2010 - 3:01 am

      Hey Oscar,

      Thank you for the kind words of appreciation. πŸ™‚ Your comment has made my day… πŸ˜€

      I am glad this blog could be of help to you.

      Take Care
      Benzu K

      • #61 by uzair on December 22, 2010 - 10:38 pm

        hello! m UZIAR AHMED ,m a student of ARCHITECTURE ,m 20 year old ,i wana join ur community.Well m working in an office
        as a CAD DESIGNER …

      • #62 by mahendra jagrwal on June 10, 2011 - 5:20 am

        excellent job

  48. #63 by Fazal mahmud Gondal on September 18, 2010 - 9:14 am

    It is very appreciable & commendable to write a book in this young age. In our student life
    We did not try like this.
    I hope you shall try to write for other structural items like beams, column & its foundations.

    I require some knowledge on raft’s foundation. If you have some written material please mail me.

  49. #64 by SINGH on September 8, 2010 - 10:25 pm

    Very excellent
    wish u aii de best
    good luck 2 u

  50. #65 by Noor un Nabi Khan on July 24, 2010 - 2:50 am

    very good effots.
    i like it very much.
    plz share design softwares
    nice work

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